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Federal Overtime Rule & Non Compete Agreements

Updated: May 6

federal overtime ruling

On April 23rd, 2024, the Department of Labor (DOL) and the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced updates regarding the Federal Overtime Rule and the status of Non-compete Agreements, respectively. These changes signal significant shifts in employment practices, particularly impacting small businesses and individual workers. As the current HR landscape shifts, it’s important to be proactive and take the time to understand how these changes will affect you or your organization.

Federal Overtime Rule Amendments

The DOL's revised federal overtime rule, set to be implemented in two phases, aims to enhance overtime protections for millions of workers. Effective July 1, 2024, the annual salary threshold for white-collar exemptions will increase to $43,888, rising further to $58,656 by January 1, 2025. For highly compensated employees, the threshold will escalate to $151,164 annually. Additionally, the DOL plans automatic adjustments to the overtime threshold every three years, starting from July 1, 2027.

For small business owners, these changes necessitate careful evaluation of their workforce and compensation structures. According to an article by the Economic Policy Institute, the revised federal overtime rule is expected to extend overtime protections to an additional 4.3 million workers in the United States, ensuring fair compensation for their extra hours worked. While the amendments aim to ensure fair pay for long hours, they pose challenges for businesses operating on tighter budgets. Increasing salaries to meet the new thresholds may strain financial resources, prompting employers to reconsider staffing levels or adjust working hours to mitigate overtime costs. Additionally, small businesses may need to consider adopting stringent monitoring mechanisms to track employee hours accurately and prevent inadvertent non-compliance with overtime regulations.

FTC Ban on Non-compete Agreements

A second major rule change is the FTC's ruling prohibiting non-compete agreements represents a pivotal moment in employment law, particularly for the majority of workers previously bound by such agreements. Effective immediately, existing non-competes are unenforceable, and employers are barred from implementing new agreements, regardless of employees' positions within the organization.

For small businesses, this ruling offers both advantages and challenges. On one hand, the elimination of non-competes fosters a more dynamic labor market, enabling employees to pursue career opportunities without undue restrictions. This can promote innovation and talent mobility within industries, benefiting small businesses seeking skilled workers.

However, the absence of non-compete agreements may heighten concerns regarding employee retention and protection of intellectual property. According to an article from CNBC, the FTC estimates that 30 million American workers, or roughly 18%, are currently subject to non-compete agreements. With this ban on non-competes, businesses will need to reassess their strategies for protecting proprietary information and retaining skilled employees in the absence of such agreements.

Implications for Business Owners and Employees

The combination of these regulatory changes underscores how rapidly the modern workplace is evolving. These recent changes present opportunities and challenges for businesses and workers alike. While increased overtime thresholds aim to bolster economic security for employees, small businesses must navigate the financial implications and operational adjustments required for compliance.

Moreover, the banning of non-compete agreements reshapes employer-employee relationships, emphasizing the importance of fostering a culture of trust and engagement to retain talent. Small businesses can capitalize on this shift by prioritizing employee development, offering competitive compensation packages, and fostering a collaborative work environment conducive to innovation and growth.


These changes signal a major shift in HR policy, necessitating proactive adaptation by small business owners and individuals alike. By embracing these changes and leveraging them to foster a more equitable and competitive workplace, businesses can navigate the evolving regulatory landscape while empowering their workforce for success. 

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